Figure Skating Jumps: Solo Jumps
Guide to figure skating jumps through gifs! In this post I’ll cover the six basic types of jumps using triples from various skaters; my next post will probably be about combination jumps.
There are six types of jumps: toeloop, flip, lutz, salchow, loop, and axel. The first three are toe jumps - skaters launch into the air with assistance from the toepick of their other foot. The latter three are edge jumps - no toepick assistance; skaters take off from the edge alone. The first thing you should probably ask yourself when trying to identify jumps is whether it’s a toe or an edge jump.
A skate blade has two edges: the outside edge (closer to the outside of the skater’s foot) and the inside edge (closer to the inside of the foot). All jumps land on an outside edge. Most skaters land on their right foot, so I will just use that in this post for simplicity’s sake. Since the landing position is always the same, only variances in takeoff differentiate the jumps. All jumps have a backwards takeoff except for the axel.
Toeloop (T): Takes off from the outside edge of Kanako’s right foot, lands on the outside edge of her right foot. Notice how she sets up the jump by gliding for a bit on her left foot, then putting her right outside edge down and toepicking her left foot into the ice to launch into the air.
Flip (F): Takes off from the inside edge of Zijun’s left foot, lands on the outside edge of her right foot. Her right toepick is used to launch into the air. Many skaters will do turns into the flip; it generally has a shorter setup time than the lutz.
Lutz (Lz): Takes off from the outside edge of Han’s left foot, lands on the outside edge of his right foot. His right toepick is used to launch into the air. The only difference between a flip and lutz is the edge that it takes off on; one way to differentiate between the two if you can’t see the edge clearly is the setup time - skaters often have a long running edge going into the lutz. Many skaters have indistinct edges on their flips and lutzes and “flutzing” is common - taking off on the wrong edge for the lutz, effectively making it into a flip. The opposite (taking off on the wrong edge for a flip) is called a “lip”. Notice how Kanako sets up her lutz on the outside edge, but changes to the inside edge at the last second, resulting in a flutz:
Salchow (S): Takes off from the inside edge of Akiko’s left foot, lands on the outside edge of her right foot. No toepick assistance. Salchows are characterized by a “sweeping” motion upon takeoff; notice how Akiko swings her right leg around. Salchows also momentarily have a “knock-kneed” position with the feet splayed apart.
Loop (Lo): Takes off from the outside edge of Dai’s right foot, lands on the outside edge of his right foot. No toepick assistance. Notice how his legs appear to be crossed during the setup; this is the best way to tell a loop from a salchow. Skaters often do turns into a loop as well.
Axel (A): Takes off from the outside edge of Han’s left foot, lands on the outside edge of the right foot. No toepick assistance. The axel is really easy to distinguish from the other jumps because it’s the only one with a forward takeoff; thus, a 3A actually has 3.5 rotations, and so on.
Each type of jump is worth a different amount of points. For jumps with the same number of rotations, the value from least to greatest is: toeloop, salchow, loop, flip, lutz, axel.
AFAIK senior Worlds will be on both Eurosport and BBC. So I guess the BBC link we used to watch the Olympics will do (if you don’t know about it, it’s this link: http://www.feed2all.eu/) Can’t give you the Eurosport link, they haven’t published a schedule yet. But you can look for it later yourself on this site: http://sportlemon.me/
As for the junior Worlds, I’m not even sure it will be broadcasted. At least I haven’t found the information that it will be. But in this case ISU official youtube channel (this one: https://www.youtube.com/user/SkatingISU) will probably upload all the videos. I believe they did it some time ago. And they do it with JGP.
That’s all I can tell right now. I’ll post useful links if I’ll find them.